Posted  by  admin

Vivaldi Wikipédia

Antonio Vivaldi (born Venice, 4 March 1678; died Vienna, 28 July 1741) was an Italian composer. He was the most important composer in Italy at the end of the Baroque period. Vivaldi wrote more than 400 concertos for various instruments, especially for the violin. The scores of 21 of his operas, including his first and last, are still intact. Inspector Federico Vivaldi is an old-school cop in a new world: his son is gay, his wife has left him and he's got an ambitious colleague nipping at his heels to take over his position. He may be old-fashioned but he's resilient enough to find his way in the new reality. His son, Stefano, is also a cop, and father and son make a good team. Vivaldi: La Stravaganza (12 Violin Concertos, Op. 4), Zino Vinnikov (Violin & Music Director), Soloists' Ensemble of the St. Petersburg Philharmonic Orchestra, September 2014. Vivaldi, La Stravaganza, Rachel Podger (Violin), Channel Classics, 2003, CCS SA 19503. This recording won the Gramophone Award for Best Baroque Recording of 2003.

Antonio Vivaldi wrote at least three settings of the hymn Gloria in excelsis Deo, whose words date probably from the 4th Century and which is an integral part of the Ordinary of the Mass. Two survive: RV 588 and RV 589. A third, RV 590, is mentioned only in the Kreuzherren catalogue and presumed lost. The RV 589 Gloria is a familiar and popular piece among sacred works by Vivaldi. It was probably written at about the same time as the RV 588, possibly in 1715.

Introduction [edit]

As with other choral pieces the composer, Vivaldi, wrote many introduzione (introductory motets) that were to be performed before the Gloria itself. Four introduzioni exist for these Glorias: Cur Sagittas (RV 637), Jubilate, o amoeni cori (RV 639) (the last movement of which is compositionally tied with the first movement of RV 588), Longe Mala, Umbrae, Terrores (RV 640), and Ostro Picta (RV 642).

Settings[edit]

RV 588[edit]

The lesser known of the two surviving Glorias, RV 588 was most likely composed during Vivaldi's employment at the Pio Ospedale della Pietà, known for its advanced choral ensemble. The first movement is interwoven with the last aria of RV 639, as explained above. The date of composition between this Gloria and RV 589 is still disputed, but both show compositional inspiration from each other.

RV 588 borrows extensively from a double orchestra-and-choir setting of the same text by Giovanni Maria Ruggieri (which will henceforth in this article be referred by its RV cataloguing number of RV. Anh. 23). Many movements show inspiration from this composition, and two movements ('Qui Tollis' and 'Cum Sancto Spiritu') are plagiarised from the original Ruggieri setting (although 'Qui Tollis' completely omits the second coro (chorus), and 'Cum Sancto Spiritu' is slightly modified). The first movement of RV 588 is also an extended version of RV Anh. 23, sans the second coro employed in RV Anh. 23, among other musical modifications. The second movements of both RV 588 and RV 589 ('Et in Terra Pax') both show chromatic patterns and key modulations similar to that of the second movement of RV Anh. 23.

Movements[edit]

  1. Gloria in excelsis Deo (Chorus)
  2. Et in terra pax (Chorus)
  3. Laudamus te (Sopranos I and II)
  4. Gratias agimus tibi (Chorus)
  5. Propter magnam gloria (Chorus)
  6. Domine Deus (Soprano)
  7. Domine, Fili unigenite (Chorus)
  8. Domine Deus, Agnus Dei (Alto, Chorus)
  9. Qui tollis peccata mundi (Chorus)
  10. Qui sedes ad dexteram Patris (Mezzo Soprano)
  11. Quoniam tu solus sanctus (Chorus)
  12. Cum Sancto Spiritu (Chorus)

RV 589[edit]

This is the better known setting of the Gloria, simply known as the Vivaldi 'Gloria' due to its outstanding popularity. This piece, along with its mother composition RV 588, was composed at the same time during Vivaldi's employment at the Pietà. Two introduzioni exist as explained in the aforementioned article.

Vivaldi

As in RV 588, there exists evidence of influence by RV Anh. 23: the first movement's chorus shares similar key modulations to that of the first movement of RV 588, only modified to fit a duple meter instead of the triple meter of RV 588. Motivic material present in the orchestral parts of either piece are also shared, including octave jumps in the opening motives of the piece. The second movement is significantly more chromatic in RV 589, but nonetheless is texturally similar to the setting present in RV Anh. 23, with the use of repeating rhythmic figures underneath harmonic motion. The 'Qui Tollis' movement of RV 589 is rhythmically similar to the first few measures of RV 588 (and ultimately RV Anh. 23). The last movement, 'Cum Sancto Spiritu,' is essentially an 'updated' version of movement present in both RV Anh. 23 and RV 588, except extensively harmonically modified, becoming more chromatic than its predecessors, reflecting a maturity in Vivaldi's output and the emerging style of the late Italian Baroque.

Movements[edit]

Domine Deus for soprano, oboe and string orchestra. Courtesy of Monora.
Problems playing this file? See media help.
  1. Gloria (Chorus)
  2. Et in terra pax (Chorus)
  3. Laudamus te (Sopranos I and II)
  4. Gratias agimus tibi (Chorus)
  5. Propter magnam gloriam (Chorus)
  6. Domine Deus (Soprano)
  7. Domine, Fili unigenite (Chorus)
  8. Domine Deus, Agnus Dei (Contralto and Chorus)
  9. Qui tollis peccata mundi (Chorus)
  10. Qui sedes ad dexteram Patris (Contralto)
  11. Quoniam tu solus sanctus (Chorus)
  12. Cum Sancto Spiritu (Chorus)

RV 590[edit]

Little information exists on this lost work other than its instrumentation (five voices and oboes in trombae) in the Kreuzherren catalogue. There is no other source of information; not even its possible key can be conjectured. In the Ryom-Verzeichnis catalogue, it is considered lost.

RV Anh. 23[edit]

As stated above, this Gloria for two cori (orchestras) was written by Giovanni Maria Ruggieri. This composition, probably for a Venetian church during a festival, is dated September 9, 1708 N.S. This Gloria provided much inspiration for Vivaldi's two settings and for other Glorias by other composers at the time, who may have used it in their settings.

Movements[edit]

  1. Gloria in excelsis Deo (Chorus)
  2. Et in terra pax (Seven Bass soloists)
  3. Laudamus te (Chorus, Sopranos I and II, Tenor)
  4. Gratias agimus tibi (Chorus)
  5. Propter Magnam Gloriam (Chorus)
  6. Domine Deus (Sopranos I and II and Bass from first coro, Sopranos III and VI and Bass from second coro)
  7. Domine, Fili unigenite (Chorus)
  8. Domine Deus, Agnus Dei (Chorus)
  9. Qui tollis peccata mundi (Chorus)
  10. Qui sedes ad dexteram Patris (Chorus and Soprano, Contralto, and Tenor)
  11. Quoniam tu solus sanctus (Chorus)
  12. Cum Sancto Spiritu (Chorus)

Popularity[edit]

The Glorias remained in a relatively unknown status, until RV 589's revival by Alfredo Casella during 'Vivaldi Week' in Siena (1939), along with the composer's setting of the Stabat Mater (RV 621). RV 589 enjoys well-founded popularity, performed at many sacred events, including Christmas. It has been recorded on almost one hundred CDs, sometimes paired with Bach's Magnificat (BWV 243), Vivaldi's own Magnificat settings (RV 610-611), or Vivaldi's Beatus Vir (RV 597). RV 588, however, has had little success and has only been published in few albums. Attempts to create more attention to RV 588 and other sacred Vivaldi works (most notably by The King's Consort) are underway.

As with many other pieces of the Baroque era, RV 589 (and its lesser known companion RV 588) have been performed in historically-informed instrumentation, even with the use of an all-female choir to simulate choral conditions at the Pietà. There are several different editions, and choirs need to exercise caution when combining different vocal and orchestral editions.

RV 589 has also been used in a number of films. The first movement featured in the 1996 Scott Hicks film Shine about pianist David Helfgott, as well as in the 2011 film The Hunter. An adaptation of the second movement was used with profound effect in the final climactic scenes of the 1985 Andrei Konchalovsky film Runaway Train.[1]

Editions[edit]

  • Vivaldi: Gloria in D RV 589, Stuttgart Carus-Verlag 1971

References[edit]

  1. ^'Trevor Jones: Runaway Train'. maintitles.net. Retrieved 2010-01-23.

External links[edit]

  • Free scores of this work in the Choral Public Domain Library (ChoralWiki)
  • Gloria in D major, RV 589: Scores at the International Music Score Library Project
  • Gloria, RV 589, performed by National Chamber Orchestra of Armenia on YouTube
  • Gloria, RV 589, performed by University of North Texas College of Music on YouTube
Retrieved from 'https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gloria_(Vivaldi)&oldid=1010508283'
Antonio Vivaldi (1678–1741)
Alternative namesAntonio Lucio Vivaldi, il Prete Rosso
DescriptionItalian composer and violinist
Date of birth/death4 March 167828 July 1741
Location of birth/deathVenice, Republic of VeniceVienna, Austria
Work periodBaroque
Authority control
  • : Q1340
  • VIAF: 42027007
  • ISNI: 0000 0001 2129 9169
  • ULAN: 500336474
  • LCCN: n79021280
  • NLA: 36529158
  • MusicBrainz: ad79836d-9849-44df-8789-180bbc823f3c
  • Open Library: OL2746101A
  • GND: 118627287
  • SELIBR: 100018
  • SUDOC: 027472183
  • BNF: 139008966
  • NDL: 00527045
  • BIBSYS: 90224852
  • NKC: jn19990008800
  • SBN: ITICCUCFIV005228
  • BNE: XX958764
  • CiNii: DA05368763
  • NLP: A11799894
  • NLI: 000138279
  • Koninklijke: 068812345
  • Enciclopédia Itaú Cultural: pessoa12240/antonio-vivaldi
  • NLK: KAC199628883


Vivaldi Wikipédia
Deutsch: 4. März 1678 - 28. Juli 1741; italienischer Priester und Komponist des Barock mit dem Spitznamen Il Prete Rosso (der rote bzw. rothaarige Priester).
English: (March 4, 1678, Venice - July 28, 1741, Vienna), nicknamed Il Prete Rosso, meaning 'The Red Priest,' was an Italian priest and baroque music composer.
Español : (4 de marzo de 1678, Venecia, Italia - 28 de julio de 1741, Viena, Austria) compositor italiano también conocido como El padre rojo.
Français : Antonio Vivaldi (4 mars 1678, Venise - 28 juillet 1741, Vienne), surnommé « le prêtre roux » était un prêtre et compositeur italien de l'époque baroque.
Italiano : (1678 - 1741) compositore italiano soprannominato 'Il prete rosso'.
Kapampangan: Antonio Vivaldi (Marsu 4, 1678, Benesya - Hulyu 28, 1741, Biyena), maki-palayong 'Il Prete Rosso' (Ing Malutung Pari) metung yang Italyanung pari ampong kompositor ning tigtigang Baroku.
Nederlands: (4 maart 1678, Venetië - 28 juli 1741, Wenen), bijgenaamd Il Prete Rosso, wat 'De Rode Priester' betekent, was een Italiaanse priester en barokcomponist.
Português : (4 de Março de 1678, Veneza - 28 de Julho de 1741, Viena), apelidado de Il Prete Rosso, significa 'O Padre Vermelho,' foi um padre italiano e músico compositor no período barroco.
Slovenščina : Antonio Vivaldi (4. marec 1678, Benetke - 28. julij 1741, Dunaj), zaradi svojih rdečih las imenovan tudi »rdeči duhovnik«, je bil italijanski duhovnik in baročni skladatelj.
Svenska: Antonio Lucio Vivaldi heter Il Prete Rosso, pol. 'Rudy Priest' (född 4 mars 1678 i Venedig, död 28 juli 1741 i Wien) - italiensk romersk-katolsk präst, fiolinist och kompositör. Han anses vara en av de största kompositörerna i barocktiden
Tagalog: Antonio Vivaldi (Marso 4, 1678, Benesya - July 28, 1741, Biyena), binigyang palayaw na 'Il Prete Rosso', na nangangahulugang 'Ang Pulang Pari,' ay isang Italyanong pari at kompositor ng tugtugin noong Panahong Baroko.
Македонски : Антонио Вивалди (4 март, 1678, Венеција - 28 јули, 1741, Виена), наречен „Црвениот поп“ (Il Prete Rosso), е славен италијански композитор на барокна музика.
Русский : Вивальди, Антонио (4 марта 1678, Венеция — 28 июля 1741, Вена) — итальянский композитор, скрипач, педагог, дирижёр эпохи барокко.
עברית : אנטוניו ויואלדי (4 במרץ, 1678 בונציה - 28 ביולי, 1741 בוינה), כונה 'הכומר האדום' (Il Prete Rosso), היה כומר ומלחין איטלקי מתקופת הבארוק. יצירותיו העניקו משמעות אימפרסיוניסטית חדשה לתקופתו אך שקעו באלמוניות עד המאה ה-20.

Portraits[edit]

  • Antonio Vivaldi (doubtful)

  • Caricature of Vivaldi Il prete rosso by Pier Leone Ghezzi (1723)

  • Engraved portrait of Antonio Vivaldi (1725)

Monuments[edit]

  • Vivaldi monument in Vienna

Buildings and plaques[edit]

Antonio Vivaldi Wikipedia Romana

  • San Giovanni in Bragora, Venezia, where Vivaldi was baptized
  • Gedenktafel für Antonio Vivaldi am Karlsplatz in Wien

Music[edit]

The Four Seasons[edit]

Deutsch: Klassische Musik von Vivaldi: Die vier Jahreszeiten
English: Classical music from Vivaldi his composition: The Four Seasons

Wikipedia Antonio Vivaldi

Français : Enregistrement de l'oeuvre de musique classique composée par Vivaldi: Les Quatre saisons.
Italiano : Registrazione dell'opera completa composta da Vivaldi: Le Quattro Stagioni.
Македонски : Класична музика од Вивалди: „Четири годишни времиња“.
Русский : Классическая музыка из цикла скрипичных концертов Вивальди «Времена года».

Spring[edit]

Summer[edit]

Autumn[edit]

Winter[edit]

(and many more)

Vivaldi Wikipedia Shqip

Retrieved from 'https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Antonio_Vivaldi&oldid=361598632'