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Mac Ubuntu Virtual Machine

Eirik Didriksen [1]
Hans Petter Langtangen [1, 2]
[1] Simula Research Laboratory
[2] University of Oslo

Jan 15, 2015

Buy VMWare Fusion, download, andinstall (write the serial number during installation). To get quicklystarted, you download a trial version for free and later buy it andregister the serial number (easy).

Lee On Coding, My blog about coding and stuff.

Go to choose the latest 64-bit Desktop version of Ubuntu.Save the downloaded Ubuntufile at some place you can recognize later.

  1. Try Ubuntu Appliances in a VM Ubuntu Try out Ubuntu Appliances on Ubuntu, Windows or macOS Try out Ubuntu Appliance images in an isolated virtual machine on your PC or Mac with Multipass. You can navigate through the setup instructions and interact with the software before taking the next step and installing it on a Raspberry Pi or a PC.
  2. In this document, I will guide you how to install Mac OS 10.11 on VMWare.
  3. On the Linux (Ubuntu.), open Terminal windows and CD to go to your Mac OS virtual machine directory. If you use the Windows operating system, open the CMD windows with Administrator privilege and CD to go to the Mac OS ​​​​​​​virtual machine directory. Perform the above commands respectively (after having replaced 'Your-VM-Name').
  4. Many businesses, and often individuals, need to run virtual machines due to the increasing cost of hardware and the ease virtual machines offer. Ubuntu is a good option when it comes to cloud.
Other Linux distributions.Run ubuntu on virtualboxWe strongly recommend to use a Debian-based GNU/Linux distribution,because Debian has by far the largest collection of prebuiltmathematical software.

Among the Debian-based distributions, we recommend Ubuntu, simply becauseswitching keyboard layouts is more reliable or easier in Ubuntu than in, e.g.,Lubuntu, Xubuntu, and Linux Mint (a configured layout might be goneafter a reboot). Switching keyboard layouts are particularlyconvenient when doing programming with an English/American keyboard,with braces and brackets in natural places,and then writing emails using a native keyboard with special characters.

  1. Launch VMWare Fusion (the instructions here are for version 7).
  2. Click on File - New and choose to Install from disc or image.
  3. Click on Use another disc or disc image and choose your .iso file with the Ubuntu image.
  4. Choose Easy Install, fill in password, and check the box for sharing files with the host operating system.
  5. Choose Customize Settings and make the following settings (these settings can be changed later, if desired):
    • Processors and Memory: Set a minimum of 2 Gb memory, but not more than half of your computer's total memory. The virtual machine can use all processors.
    • Hard Disk: Choose how much disk space you want to use inside the virtual machine (20 Gb is considered a minimum).
  6. Choose where you want to store virtual machine files on the hard disk. The default location is usually fine. The directory with the virtual machine files needs to be frequently backed up so make sure you know where it is.
  7. Ubuntu will now install itself without further dialog, but it will take some time.
  8. You may need to define a higher resolution of the display in the Ubuntu machine. Find the System settings icon on the left, go to Display, choose some display (you can try several, click Keep this configuration when you are satisfied).
  9. You can have multiple keyboards on Ubuntu. Launch System settings, go to Keyboard, click the Text entry hyperlink, add keyboard(s) (Input sources to use), and choose a shortcut, say Ctrl+space or Ctrl+backslash, in the Switch to next source using field. Then you can use the shortcut to quickly switch keyboard.
  10. A terminal window is key for programmers. Click on the Ubuntu icon on the top of the left pane, search for gnome-terminal, right-click its new icon in the left pane and choose Lock to Launcher such that you always have the terminal easily accessible when you log in. The gnome-terminal can have multiple tabs (Ctrl+shift+t to make a new tab).

Installing software on Ubuntu

You now have a full Ubuntu machine, but there is not much softwareon a it. Installation is performed through the Ubuntu Software Center (agraphical application) or through Unix commands, typically

To look up the right package name, run apt-cache search followed bytypical words of that package. The strength of the apt-get wayof installing software is that the package and all packages it depends onare automatically installed through the apt-get install command.This is in a nutshell why Ubuntu (or Debian-based Linux systems)are so user-friendly for installing sophisticated mathematical software.

To install a lot of useful packages for scientific work, go to and click on one of the followingfiles, which will install a collection of software for scientific workusing apt-get:

  • install a minimal collection (recommended)
  • install a rich collection (takes time to run)
Then click the Raw button. The file comes up in the browser window,right-click and choose Save As... to save the file on your computer.The next step is to find the file and run it:Install ubuntu on virtualbox mac

The program will run for quite some time, hopefully without problems.If it stops, set a comment sign # in front of the line where it stoppedand rerun.

File sharing

The Ubuntu machine can see the files on your host system if youdownload VMWare Tools. Go to the Virtual Machine pull-down menu inVMWare Fusion and choose Install VMWare Tools. A tarfile isdownloaded. Click on it and it will open a folder vmware-tools-distrib,normally in your home folder. Move to the new folder andrun sudo perl can go with the default answers to all the questions.

On a Mac, you must open Virtual Machine - Settings... and chooseSharing to bring up a dialog where you can add the folders you wantto be visible in Ubuntu. Just choose your home folder. Then turn onthe file sharing button (or turn off and on again). Go to Ubuntu andcheck if you can see all your host system's files in /mnt/hgfs/.

If you later detect that /mnt/hgfs/ folder has become empty,VMWare Tools must be reinstalled by runningsudo perl as above or

Backup of a VMWare virtual machine on a Mac.The entire Ubuntu machine is a folder on the host computer,typically with a name like Documents/Virtual Machines/Ubuntu 64-bit.Backing up the Ubuntu machine means backing up this folder.However, if you use tools like Time Machine and work in Ubuntu duringbackup, the copy of the state of the Ubuntu machine is likely tobe corrupt. You are therefore strongly recommended to shut down thevirtual machine prior to running Time Machine or simply copying thefolder with the virtual machine to some backup disk.Virtual

Install Virtualbox On Mac

If something happens to your virtual machine, it is usually a straightforwardtask to make a new machine and import data and software automaticallyfrom the previous machine.

Ubuntu Virtual Machine On Mac

Internet Does not Work in Ubuntu.Invoke the VMWare Fusion menu Virtual Machine - Settings - Networkand test Share the Mac's network connection versus Connect directly tothe physical network (Bridged).